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Archive for March, 2012

State of the Climate – 2012


State of the Climate – 2012

This State of the Climate is the second paper produced by CSIRO and the Australian Bureau of Meteorology. It provides a summary of observations of Australia’s climate and analysis of the factors that influence it.

  • 13 March 2012 | Updated 14 March 2012
  1. Overview
  2. Temperature
  3. Oceans
  4. Greenhouse gases
  5. Understanding global warming
  6. Future changes
  7. References

Overview

Page 1 of 7

The previous State of the Climate, released in March 2010 highlighted a multi-decadal warming trend over Australia’s land and oceans, an increase in record hot days and decrease in record cold days across the country, a decrease in rainfall in southwest and southeast Australia, an increase in global sea level, and increases in global greenhouse gas concentrations.

State of the Climate 2012
Dr Karl Braganza from the Climate Monitoring Section of the Bureau of Meteorology discusses the State of the Climate in 2012.

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State of the Climate 2012 provides an updated summary of long-term climate trends. It notes that the long-term warming trend has not changed, with each decade having been warmer than the previous decade since the 1950s. The warming trends observed around Australia are consistent with global-scale warming that has been measured during recent decades, despite 2010 and 2011 being the coolest years recorded in Australia since 2001. Global-average surface temperatures were the warmest on record in 2010 (slightly higher than 2005 and 1998). 2011 was the world’s 11th warmest year and the warmest year on record during a La Niña event. The world’s 13th warmest years on record have all occurred in the past 15 years.

There has been a general trend towards increased spring and summer monsoonal rainfall across Australia’s north during recent decades, and decreased late autumn and winter rainfall across southern Australia. The summary shows that the very strong La Niña event in 2010 followed by another in 2011 brought the highest two-year Australian-average rainfall total on record.

State of the Climate 2012 also highlights the increase in global sea level and notes sea-level rise around Australia since 1993 is greater than, or equal to, the global average. Our observations show that sea-surface temperatures around Australia have increased faster than the global average. The concentrations of long-lived greenhouse gases in the atmosphere reached a new high in 2011. Annual growth in global fossil-fuel CO2 emissions between 2009 and 2010 was 5.9 per cent, reversing a small decline of 1.2 per cent recorded between 2008 and 2009 during the global financial crisis.

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The Bureau has been observing, reporting and researching Australia’s weather since 1908. CSIRO has been undertaking atmospheric and marine research for more than 60 years. Together our scientists continue to build the body of knowledge that allows people to understand the changes in our climate that we are observing and prepare for any future changes.

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source: http://www.csiro.au/Outcomes/Climate/Understanding/State-of-the-Climate-2012.aspx

Incredible 70-year-old who defies ageing process with vegan diet of home-grown vegetables and rainwater


‘My fountain of youth’: Incredible 70-year-old who defies ageing process with vegan diet of home-grown vegetables and rainwater

By Victoria Wellman

Last updated at 8:20 AM on 2nd March 2012

When Annette Larkins goes out with her husband of 54 years, people assume she is his daughter.

The image of health, vitality and youth with a petite size four frame and a line-free face, Mrs Larkins is in fact 70 years old.

The resident of Miami-Dade County, Florida, attributes her youthful looks to her raw vegan diet and grows almost everything she eats in the garden she refers to as her ‘fountain of youth’.

70-year-old's secret to youth lies in the raw vegetables grown in her garden and rainwater.Fountain of youth: Annette Larkin looks at least 20 years younger than her 70 years which she credits to eating a completely raw, vegan diet and growing all the food in her garden

During a visit to her home, ABC News reporters explored the back yard, every of inch of which is covered in plants and trees that grow the fruits and vegetables Mrs Larkins eats.

She told reporters: ‘My diet consists of fruits, nuts, vegetables and seeds. I do a lot of sprouting of seeds and as you can see from my garden and of course, these are the raw foods that I eat.’

 

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The sprightly septuagenarian did not always eat this way. Husband of 54 years, Amos, owned a meat factory in the 1960’s and it was around this time that his wife decided to go vegetarian.

27 years ago she went one step further by turning vegan and now everything she eats is raw. Nothing cooked or processed every passes her lips.

Annette Larkin grows all her food in her back yard
Mrs Larkin subsists on a wholly raw diet

Home grown: The Miami-Dade resident grows all her own food and collects rainwater that she drinks and water the plants with. She also juices all the fruits and vegetables she grows

Mrs Larkins also juices her fruits and vegetables and collects rain water to drink and to water her garden.

For his part, Mr Larkins wishes he had followed his wife’s example. Looking considerably older, he also takes prescription medicine for diabetes and high blood pressure while Mrs Larkins won’t even take an aspirin.

When they walk down the street together, he admitted: ‘They’ll ask me what am I doing with this young girl.’

Age ain't nothin' but a number: Amos Larkins says when he walks down the street people think his wife is his daughter because she looks so youngAge ain’t nothin’ but a number: Amos Larkins says when he walks down the street people think his wife is his daughter because she looks so young

Recognising how positively she could influence others, the formidable 70-year-old has already written two booklets titled: Journey to Health and produced a DVD about her nutritional regime.

‘I am very vibrant, I have lots of energy, as I told you before, I am up no later than 5:30 in the morning as a rule, and I am ready to go’ she told ABC.

Her husband agreed, gushing: ‘She’s an amazing person though. Oh man, I mean really. She does everything- build computers, make all her own clothes, grow her own food, speaks three languages. It’s amazing.’
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2108935/Annette-Larkins-vegan-diet-Woman-70-defies-ageing-process-vegetables-rainwater.html#ixzz1oEE3QjxF

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2108935/Annette-Larkins-vegan-diet-Woman-70-defies-ageing-process-vegetables-rainwater.html

 

 

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